Luwak coffee becomes very popular for coffee lovers. And for recent years, Luwak coffee becomes the most expensive coffee in the world. It is also the most exclusive and the rarest coffee bean on the coffee market. But do you know what are the differences between Luwak coffee and normal coffee beans? Here are some facts for you.
The Main Differences between Luwak Coffee and Normal Coffee Beans
The Coffee Beans Origin
Actually, the origin of Luwak coffee beans are similar to the normal coffee beans, they are Arabica and Robusta. The main things that difference them are about the coffee beans selection. If the normal coffee beans are sorted manually by the human or sometimes automatically by machine, the selection of Luwak coffee beans is done by an animal called luwak.
Luwak is a kind of weasel which like to eat fruits, specialty coffee fruits. Luwak only eats the coffee fruits that completely ripe and have the high-quality coffee beans. Luwak has the good sense of smell to choose the best coffee beans. If there are 1 kg ripe coffee, Luwak only consumes approximately 3-5% which are the best.
The Coffee Beans Harvesting
If the normal coffee beans are harvested from the plantation, the Luwak coffee beans are picked up from the feces of luwak. After collecting the beans, the next processes are cleaning and drying to make sure the coffee beans are sterile from feces. Because luwak only eats a few coffee beans, this coffee beans can’t be produced massively. This is the reason why this coffee is very rare in the market and its price is very high.
The Coffee Beans Processing
The main difference in the coffee beans processing is about fermentation.For the normal coffee beans, they are fermented by keeping them in the cemented container for 12-24 hours. Luwak coffee beans are fermented naturally in the digestion system of an animal with the help of several enzymes. This natural fermentation is the perfect coffee bean fermentation.
A research on coffee fermentation proves that the natural coffee fermentation in the organ of luwak is equal to the coffee fermentation of normal coffee beans for 5-8 years. The longer time of coffee fermentation makes the more tasteful coffee flavors. So, this is the reason why Luwak coffee is very tasteful and has a unique flavor.
The Price of Coffee Beans
Because of its high-quality coffee beans and its low production, Luwak coffee has a higher price than the normal coffee beans. The price of normal coffee beans is only about 10% of Luwak coffee beans. For example, in Indonesia,1 kg of normal coffee beans is about Rp 100.000 while for Luwak coffee beans is more than Rp 1.000.000 per kg. The unique taste and the unusual coffee processing make this coffee becomes very high-priced.
In the end, when you know about the differences between Luwak coffee and normal coffee beans, you must understand why the price is very expensive. It is a good information to know.